The Garden Museum, London 

By Yvonne Michie Horn
This item appears on page 48 of the December 2017 issue.
The exterior of The Garden Museum, which is housed in a deconsecrated London church, with the “floating” café in the distance. Photo by Andrew Burton, The Garden Museum

A number of years back, in London, I visited the Museum of Garden History, as it was then called, and spent a happy hour immersed in old gardening tools, artifacts, drawings, photographs and paintings. 

During that early visit to the museum, located in the ancient and deconsecrated church of St Mary-at-Lambeth, across the Thames from Big Ben and right next door to Lambeth Palace, I was charmed by the displays but fell in love with the courtyard’s knot garden, which replicated British estate gardens’ geometric plantings of fragrant herbs in formal angles and ribbons. 

Through the years, I received regular informational email posts from the museum. So it was that I knew that the museum would close its doors in 2015 to undergo a renovation. When the news came of its reopening 18 months later, I made plans for my September 2017 visit. 


The museum, the first of its kind in the world, owes its existence to Rosemary and John Nicholson, garden lovers who had traced the tomb of two 17th-century gardeners and plant collectors, John Tradescant the elder and younger, to the churchyard. The tomb, a 1662 masterpiece of funeral art, was in drastic need of cleaning and repair. The church, a desolate ruin, was scheduled for demolishment to make way for a car park. 

Rosemary set to work to raise funds and recruit an army of volunteers, assembling a team of prominent supporters that included the Queen Mother and Prince Charles.

Within three years, sufficient funds had been raised to roof and clean the church and restore the courtyard, which revealed not only the Tradescants’ tomb but the tombs of, among others, Captain Bligh, who had been working from the Kew Royal Botanic Gardens during his ill-fated voyage on the Bounty.

In 1981, the museum, with private donations providing the displays, was ready for its first exhibition, with Queen Elizabeth officially opening the museum. 

The courtyard

The Belvedere, with its straight lines, does not touch the historic church’s walls but adds exhibition space within the museum. Photo by John Chase, The Garden Museum

As I walked across the Thames on the Lambeth Bridge, with St Mary-at-Lambeth’s bulky stone tower straight ahead, I had the impression that nothing much had changed. Oh, my, how I was wrong! A renovation tab of £7.5 million (near $10 million), of which the Heritage Lottery Fund contributed £3 million, has turned the museum into a London “must visit,” even for dedicated non-green-thumbers. 

A glass-encased café with hammered-copper trim now floats on one side of the church courtyard. “Floats” is accurate, as the courtyard extension, which also includes classrooms, had to be built without foundations so as not to disturb old graves and tombs, some dating back to before the Norman Conquest. 

One gravestone that proved problematic to float above remains in place in the café’s polished-concrete floor, recording the fate of William Coward of Brixton Place in Lambeth along with that of his various wives and daughters — interesting reading material while you wait for your lunch to arrive. 

The Tradescants’ tomb holds center stage in what remains of the courtyard, surrounded by plantings of unusual species in homage to the Tradescants’ plant-collecting expeditions, alas, replacing the knot garden.

The collection

The Garden Museum's café and the courtyard with the tomb of John Tradescant the elder and John Tradescant the younger. Photo by Andrew Burton, The Garden Museum

When I stepped inside the church, the renovated interior took my breath away. Large panels of off-white, cross-laminated timber — designed so as not to touch the protected historical walls — sheath the gallery top to bottom, replacing dark and dreary with light and airy. 

What the museum calls a Belvedere runs around the periphery, creating a second level for displays. All in all, gallery space has been expanded to allow more than 1,000 objects from the permanent collection to be exhibited instead of the fewer than 150 on view on my previous visit. 

On the main floor, a side-room space housed “Tradescant’s Orchard: A Celebration of Botanical Art,” inspired by a 17th-century volume on loan from Oxford of 66 watercolors depicting fruit varieties.  

Following a cue from Tradescant “who hath wonderfully laboured to obtaine all the rarest fruits hee can,” the museum contacted notable contemporary botanical artists asking if they’d like to participate in the show. Fifty responded with watercolors, some on velum, depicting fruit varieties John Tradescant and his son grew in their Lambeth garden.

Also on the main floor is a re-creation of Tradescant’s “The Ark” — natural and man-made objects Tradescant assembled in his travels and put on display at his Lambeth home. The Ark was Britain’s first public museum, open to all. Six pence entry. 

Wonderful stuff, but it was the upper level, consisting primarily of contributions by private donors, that captured my gardening heart. One comes away immersed in the English love of gardening, whether it be on a large estate, behind a picket fence or in a window box. 

Seed packets displayed in an Art Deco rack; clogs worn by a Kew Botanical Gardens gardener; a child-size wooden wheelbarrow; a glass cucumber straightener (whoever thought one was needed?)….

A 17th-century earthenware watering can; a collection of gaudy gnomes; a book of pressed flowers, created by a First World War soldier who cut and pressed flowers during his service and sent them home to his mother; a poster for an onion-growing competition….

On it goes — old gardening tools and sprayers; an unlabeled painting of a simple house with a sweet little garden behind a stone wall; a child’s elaborate setup of a miniature greenhouse, plants, gardeners and tools, to be arranged at will….

In a far corner, above where the altar would be, step inside a garden shed to see a film on (guess what?) garden sheds. 

For those willing to tackle a claustrophobic, winding climb of 131 stairs, a wondrous circular view of London awaits from a platform atop the church tower. It may or may not be open during your visit. Hope that it is.

Pay a visit

Step inside a garden shed to see a video about garden sheds. Photo by John Chase, The Garden Museum

Now known simply as The Garden Museum (2 Lambeth Palace Rd., London, England, SE1 7LB, U.K.; phone 020 7401 8865,, the museum is closed the first Monday of each month and on Christmas and Boxing Day. It is open 10:30 a.m.-5 p.m. Sunday-Thursday, 10:30 a.m.-9 p.m. Friday and 10:30 a.m.-4 p.m. Saturday.

Admission costs £10, adult, or £8.50. senior citizen, with free entry for children under 6 years. Entry to the Tower costs £3 (under 18, free).

The museum is accessible to wheelchair users, with a lift to the permanent collection on the upper floor.

Email Yvonne Michie Horn at Also visit