London’s Victoria Embankment Gardens

By Yvonne Michie Horn
This item appears on page 48 of the July 2018 issue.
The Embankment Café is a casual place to take a break in London. Photos by Yvonne Michie Horn

Westminster Abbey, the National Gallery, Trafalgar Square, the Houses of Parliament, Big Ben, the Old War Office: London’s concentrated wealth of “must visits” can be an exciting yet exhausting, traffic-noisy, people-packed sightseeing experience.

Time out. A series of three gardens — expanses of immaculately kept lawns and flower beds, ponds, shrubs, towering trees and wandering paths with comfortable benches along the way — offers a respite of serenitywithin minutes of many of the city’s major attractions: the Victoria Embankment Gardens.

You’ll see few tourists, as in late September 2017 did I, in these mid-19th-century gardens curving around a loop on the north side of the Thames. Londoners are the gardens’ patrons, relaxing on a bench while readingthe daily paper, walking arm in arm down a shady path, enjoying take-out lunches on sunny days… .

The proposal

Christopher Wren, considered among the most highly acclaimed English architects in history, was the first to suggest constructing the Thames embankment following the Great Fire in 1666. While he did undertake responsibility for rebuilding 52 of the City of London’s churches, most notably St. Paul’s Cathedral, his embankment proposal didn’t see the light of day for 208 years.

Rodin’s “The Burghers of Calais,” with a south tower of the Palace of Westminster (which houses Parliament) visible in the background — London.

Under the supervisory genius of the great engineer Joseph Bazalgette, the primary purpose of the embankment project was not to provide a green place of respite from bustling city life. The smelly “miasma” flowingdirectly into the Thames had become intolerable; the embankment would house a sewer system designed to protect London from its own waste.

Alexander McKenzie, landscape architect for the Bureau of Public Works, was charged with prettying-up the site, a stretch of narrow land with about 20 acres earmarked for gardens. In doing so, he was asked to avoid “expensive gardening” and to incorporate trees and shrubs likely to withstand the “injurious effect of the smoke laden atmosphere” and the Victorians’ penchant for pilferage. What plants might be less likely to disappear overnight?

In 1870, the Prince of Wales officially opened the embankment, with McKenzie’s three gardens containing much of the same mixture of deciduous trees, shrubs, bulbs and summer bedding plants that continue to beautify the riverbank to this day.

A nice walk

A quick pop into any one of the gardens provides a restoring break. Better yet is to set aside a leisurely hour and stroll through all three.

Summer bedding plants brighten the greenery in London's Victoria Embankment Gardens.

I began at the Embankment Tube station, which exits directly past an abundant flower stall into the northernmost garden.

From there, I walked farther north through the garden, as I wanted to see the Sir Arthur Sullivan statue, one of dozens of memorial statues situated throughout the three gardens. London’s statue aficionados consider it the sexiest in London.

A crying woman, so distraught that she’s not noticed that most of her clothes have fallen off, leans against a pedestal supporting the bust of Sullivan. At her feet, a guitar, score and mask of Pan indicate that this is not just an Art Nouveau flight of floozy; it represents the muse of music mourning the musical world’s loss.

The statue is well placed, looking toward the Savoy Hotel. Opened in 1889, and today remaining arguably London’s most famous hotel, the Savoy was built by Richard D’Oyly Carte with profits from his wildlypopular Gilbert-and-Sullivan productions. His Savoy Theatre, where the comic operas premiered, was located next door.

I turned around and backtracked south. Steps away from the Embankment Tube station, the Embankment Café offered a simple menu of snacks and drinks to be enjoyed at tables under the trees or inside.

From there, I walked under the Hungerford Bridge and crossed Northumberland Avenue at the stoplight to enter the lower Embankment Gardens. Across a sweep of manicured lawns, the grand 1906-built Old War Office is the garden’s centerpiece.

Victoria Tower Gardens

At the bottom of the garden, I exited to cross Horse Guards Avenue. The next section of the embankment was a major thoroughfare. Making up for the loss of tranquil garden strolling, I crossed over to the river side ofthe road for a close-up view, as I walked along, of the amazing variety of traffic vessels that ply the Thames — military vessels, tugs and workboats, private yachts, cruise ships, barges… .

Just ahead, Big Ben loomed over the Houses of Parliament, with the Westminster Tube station on the street’s northwest corner.

The Victoria Tower Gardens remained yet to explore. Crossing Bridge Street, I walked past Parliament Square and Westminster Hall, following Abingdon Street, which opens into the garden.

On sunny days, such as mine, the Victoria Tower Gardens attract the embankment’s bigger crowds, making for great people-watching.

Rodin’s sculpture “The Burghers of Calais,” commemorating an episode during the Hundred Years’ War between England and France, dominates the upper end of the garden. A charming children’s playground featuring equipment constructed from natural materials occupies the garden’s lower end.

The Victoria Embankment Gardens provide a quiet place to stroll in London.

If you have time, take the stairs and cross Lambeth Bridge to visit the Garden Museum in the deconsecrated church of St Mary-at-Lambeth just across the Thames (Dec. ’17, pg. 48). In addition to historical exhibits, the museum offers a light and airy café and, if it’s open during your visit, a winding staircase climb to a wondrous circular view of London from atop the church tower.

If you go, the gardens are open daily at 7:30 a.m., with seasonal closing hours at dusk.

Email Yvonne Michie Horn at Also visit www.the